You must comprehend the differences between side dump, belly dump, and end dump trailers in order to choose the ideal dump trailer for your company. You should also take into account all of your possibilities.
It could be time to invest in a new or used dump trailer with configurations that will offer you the freedom to complete the task properly if your operations have been constrained by the type of trailer you are currently utilizing.
Before making your next purchase, take into account some important elements, including the distinctions between trailers, top features, what they transport, and the advantages and limitations of each, whether you’re looking for a bottom, side, or end dump trailer to support your hauling demands.
What Are the Differences Between Dump Trailers?
End dump trailers, bottom (or belly) dump trailers, and side dump trailers are the three primary categories of dump trailers.
When choosing a dump trailer, knowing what each model is best suited to transport, as well as its benefits and drawbacks, will help you make a wise investment.
Weight and axle spacing limitations may frequently influence which sort of dump trailer you need.
What Is a End Dump Trailer?
The dump box of an end dump trailer is raised into the air and dumped out the back.
End dumps, which are frequently built of aluminum, typically have higher sides than belly and side dumps, giving them more capacity to carry heavy loads and difficult materials for larger payloads.
For moving, end dump trailers work well.
- building/road construction
- Stockpiling of aggregates (needs a loader)
- Agricultural landscape
Benefits of End Dump Trailers
In comparison to bottom or side trailers, end dump trailers have heavy-sided designs that enable you to transport heavier loads.
Rapid unloading enables you to manage a variety of challenging materials, including concrete and demolition rubble.
End dumps are the best option for East Coast operators and are perfect for operating in small places.
Negative aspects of end dumps
End dump trailers frequently have significant stability difficulties. They normally demand a highly competent operator and are more difficult to control.
If the unloading point is not level or if the materials shift during transport, end dumps may become more and more unstable.
Since the rear gate is challenging to shut against leaking, they are not advised for transporting semi-liquids.
A Side Dump Trailer: What Is It?
A side dump trailer contains hydraulic rams that tilt the right or left side of the trailer to unload the cargo while maintaining increased stability.
Side dumps provide quick unloading because the air ride suspension does not need to be deflated before dumping.
The best uses for side dump trailers are:
- creating roads
- Dumping into a pile (needs a loader)
- digging/pit mining
- fine materials
The benefits of side-dumping trailers
Side dump trailers provide the best stability with the fewest restrictions, making them generally safer for dumping.
Side dumps are simple and secure to use, allowing you to unload on soft or uneven ground without having to back up or look for flat footing.
Negative aspects of side dumps
Although side dumps can be operated with several trailers, they typically have a smaller cubic capacity and less flexibility for emptying in confined spaces.
Side dumps are typically located in the Midwest and on the West Coast, where a dump site needs to be appropriately set up for them.
A Bottom Dump Trailer: What Is It?
The clamshell dump gate on the bottom of the bottom dump trailer, also known as the belly dump trailer, enables you to dump goods directly from the bottom of the box.
This makes windrowing possible, which releases materials in a windrow rather than a pile.
Bottom dump trailers are best for hauling:
- Stockpile (requires a loader)
- Material transport
- Asphalt paving
Negative aspects of bottom dumps
Utilizing a bottom dump is subject to several limitations because the trailer’s axles need to have space above the windrow.
Belly dumps shouldn’t be used to transport bulkier objects that might dangle from the suspension.
Additionally, they are unsuitable for transporting delicate products or liquids that might seep out of the bottom gate.
The area in which you operate has restrictions on how you can use side dumps.
Which to Choose Between Side Dump, End Dump, and Bottom/Belly Dump Trailers?
Your choice of dump trailer will mostly depend on the type of labor you intend to conduct.
One style of dump trailer could work for multiple applications, depending on your projects. Follow these recommendations to make your choice:
When Should an End Dump Trailer Be Used?
If you frequently transport challenging and heavy commodities, such as substantial demolition rubble, end dumps are ideal.
You’ll need these to haul heavier and more difficult tasks because they have heavy-sided construction.
Make sure you can use this trailer for applications like these because end dumps might become unstable when dumping in uneven terrain. These trailers are perfect for East Coast construction locations.
When Should a Side Dump Trailer Be Used?
With a side dump trailer, you can quickly and safely discharge a range of products for greater productivity.
Side dumps are very adaptable and utilized for a variety of tasks, such as site preparation, building, and excavation.
Side dump trailers, unlike end dump or belly trailers, have a water-tight tub for hauling delicate products and liquids.
The Midwest is the finest region for side dump job sites, but they are only practical if the jobsite is set up expressly for them.
When Should a Bottom Dump Trailer Be Used?
With the increased flexibility of a chassis mount, bottom dump trailers are great for transporting materials and spreading asphalt.
When you need to control the gate opening and have the capacity to control material flow, bottom dumps can be useful.
Average Dump Trailer Sizes
Your whole activities should be taken into consideration while choosing the proper type and size of dump trailer.
The sizes of frameless dump trailers, framed dump trailers, and dump bodies are often broken down as follows:
- Dump trailers typically have lengths between 26 and 40 feet, but you can also get shorter dump bodies, which can be between 17 and 18 feet.
- Although lighter and able to support higher loads, frameless dumps are longer than framed dumps, necessitating more space for dumping. The length of a frameless dump trailer is between 36 and 40 feet.
- For tasks requiring you to maneuver in small locations, framed dumps are shorter and more effective. The length of a framed dump trailer is between 26 and 34 feet.
- Due to their substantially lower length, dump bodies can be used when the dump site is tiny or requires tighter manoeuvring. Dump bodies will most likely be 17 to 18 feet long.